[Khazaria.com - The 
American Center of Khazar Studies]
A Resource for Turkic and Jewish History in Russia and Ukraine

Last Updated: April 30, 2015

For information about THE JEWS OF KHAZARIA, click here Read about The Jews of Khazaria - the general-interest book about the Khazars in English.

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The first website to mention the Khazars in a nonfiction context
An inspiration behind Michael Chabon's novel Gentlemen of the Road

20-Year Site Anniversary

History professor Boris Zhivkov's 350-page book Khazaria in the 9th and 10th Centuries will be published by Brill in June 2015. Brill's marketing says the book "uses not only the known documentary sources and archaeological finds but also what we know from history of religions (comparative mythology), history of art, structural anthropology and folklore studies." This is an English translation from the Bulgarian version "Khazaria prez IX i X vek" that had been published by IK Gutenberg in Sofia in 2010.

News: Ashkenazi Levites paternally descend from an Iranian people not from Khazars or Slavs, per genetic evidence revealed in a new study by Siiri Rootsi et al. discussed here, here, here, and here. Since no other paternal or maternal haplogroup among Ashkenazim comes from a Central Asian Turkic source either, we are now left with the total absence of evidence for Khazar ancestry in Ashkenazi Jews. I had researched the possibility of Khazar ancestry for 20 years. Surprisingly, there is evidence for small amounts of Southern Chinese, North African, and Slavic ancestry in Ashkenazi Jews, but not for Turkic Khazar ancestry.

In a brief moment early in episode 10 ("Decoding Our Past Through DNA") of season 2 of Finding Your Roots with Henry Louis Gates, Jr., the Ashkenazic playwright Tony Kushner responds with happiness to the finding of 0.1% East Asian ancestry in his personal autosomal DNA as tested by 23andMe. His autosomal test also found he's a genetic cousin of the Ashkenazic singer-songwriter Carole King.

Vladimir Klyutchnikov together with "Oleg Ivik" (the collective pseudonym of Olga Kolobova and Valeriy Ivanov) wrote the new book titled Khazary that was published by Lomonosov in Moscow in 2013 in the Russian language. It includes both archaeological and historical data related to the Khazars. The authors' own archaeological expeditions form part of the discussion.

The scholar Osman Karatay's book Hazarlar was published by Kripto in Istanbul in 2014 in the Turkish language. It is a 336-page general-interest book about the Khazars.

Professor Simon Schama's The Story of the Jews: Finding the Words (1000 BCE - 1492 AD) is the latest book to cite The Jews of Khazaria, Second Edition. Schama wrote about Khazar King Joseph's correspondence with Hasdai ibn Shaprut, about the Khazar coins dedicated to Moses, about remnants of Jewish Khazars visiting Spain, and more. Schama's accompanying 5-hour television documentary is sponsored by WNET for airing on PBS in the U.S., played last year on the BBC in the U.K., and is available as a DVD. The medieval period is chronicled in part 2 of the documentary, "Among Believers". Schama is also known for his Financial Times review in November 2009 that criticized Shlomo Sand's absurd book that denied the peoplehood of Jews.

Medieval Kingdom of Khazaria, 652-1016

Over a thousand years ago, the far east of Europe was ruled by Jewish kings who presided over numerous tribes, including their own tribe: the Turkic Khazars. After their conversion, the Khazar people used Jewish personal names, spoke and wrote in Hebrew, were circumcised, had synagogues and rabbis, studied the Torah and Talmud, and observed Hanukkah, Pesach, and the Sabbath. The Khazars were an advanced civilization with one of the most tolerant societies of the medieval period. It hosted merchants from all over Asia and Europe. On these pages it is hoped that you may learn more about this fascinating culture.

Current Publications for Sale

by Kevin Alan Brook
This book discusses all major issues surrounding the Khazar Empire, including diplomacy, trade, culture, military affairs, Khazarian Judaism, and migrations. The book draws from major primary and secondary sources, and includes a concise timeline and glossary towards the end. This was the first English-language book on the Khazars to contain a substantial amount of archaeological data.

edited by Peter B. Golden, Haggai Ben-Shammai, and András Róna-Tas
An expensive but valuable collection of wide-ranging views from academic specialists on the Khazars. The 18 articles discuss the Khazars' economy, language, international relations, and more.

by Boris Zhivkov
Examines documentary sources, archaeological discoveries, religious history, art history, folklore studies, and more.

by "Oleg Ivik" and Vladimir Klyutchnikov
A comprehensive discussion of the Khazars' history, government, religion, and more as revealed by artifacts and old documents.

translated and annotated by Rabbi N. Daniel Korobkin
In this classic philosophical work by Yehuda HaLevi, a Jewish sage explains the principles of Judaism to an inquisitive Khazar king. As a special bonus, the historical communications exchanged between Khazar King Joseph and the Spanish Jewish diplomat Hasdai ibn Shaprut are included in this volume.

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