[Khazaria.com - The 
American Center of Khazar Studies]
A Resource for Turkic and Jewish History in Russia and Ukraine

Last Updated: August 8, 2018

For information about THE JEWS OF KHAZARIA, click here Read about The Jews of Khazaria - the best general-interest book about the Khazars in English

Order the improved 3rd edition (February 2018) in hardcover format:
The Jews of Khazaria from Amazon.com
from Amazon.ca in Canada
from Amazon.co.uk in the UK
KINDLE EDITION (3rd edition)
EPUB EDITION (3rd edition)
More ordering options + More formats (hardcover, eBook) + More information about the book

A SPECIAL DEAL TO CELEBRATE THE SITE's 23rd ANNIVERSARY
To order the hardcover version of the book directly from the publisher at a discount of 30 percent off the list price, bringing the price to 29.40 U.S. dollars plus worldwide shipping, email to obtain the discount code. Offer expires December 2018.

"O nakhodke sosuda s graffiti v Mariupole" by Eduard Ye. Kravchenko and V. K. Kul'baka was published in Russian (with an English summary) in the journal Arkheologicheskii al'manakh No. 21 (2010) on pages 386-395. This article describes Khazar-era artifacts found in the city of Mariupol in southeastern Ukraine. They include two Arabic dirhams that were used as pendants, mirror fragments, and a pot (shown on the bottom of page 389) that bears two drawn symbols: a Jewish menorah and a plus sign that's interpreted as a Christian cross. The authors believe the potter was neither a Jew nor a Christian but was a pagan who was familiar with these other religions that were practiced in Khazaria at the time. Was the plus sign really not a tamga? Some other authors disagree with the hypothesis that that plus sign was Christian.


Medieval Kingdom of Khazaria, 652-1016

Over a thousand years ago, the far east of Europe was ruled by Jewish kings who presided over numerous tribes, including their own tribe: the Turkic Khazars. After their conversion, the Khazar people used Jewish personal names, spoke and wrote in Hebrew, were circumcised, had synagogues and rabbis, studied the Torah and Talmud, and observed Hanukkah, Pesach, and the Sabbath. The Khazars were an advanced civilization with one of the most tolerant societies of the medieval period. It hosted merchants from all over Asia and Europe. On these pages it is hoped that you may learn more about this fascinating culture.


Current Publications for Sale

THE JEWS OF KHAZARIA
by Kevin Alan Brook
This book discusses all major issues surrounding the Khazar Empire, including diplomacy, trade, culture, military affairs, Khazarian Judaism, and migrations. The book draws from major primary and secondary sources, and includes a concise timeline and glossary towards the end. This was the first English-language book on the Khazars to contain a substantial amount of archaeological data.

THE WORLD OF THE KHAZARS
edited by Peter B. Golden, Haggai Ben-Shammai, and András Róna-Tas
An expensive but valuable collection of wide-ranging views from academic specialists on the Khazars. The 18 articles discuss the Khazars' economy, language, international relations, and more.

KHAZARIA IN THE 9th AND 10th CENTURIES
by Boris Zhivkov
Examines documentary sources, archaeological discoveries, religious history, art history, folklore studies, and more.

JAZARIA
by Félix Kitroser
Spanish-language book about Khazars featuring 12 chapters and 4 appendices, including color maps, illustrations, and translations of the Schechter Letter and Hasdai-Joseph correspondence.

HAZARLAR
by Osman Karatay
A 336-page general-interest book about the Khazars. In Turkish.

THE KUZARI: IN DEFENSE OF THE DESPISED FAITH
translated and annotated by Rabbi N. Daniel Korobkin
In this classic philosophical work by Yehuda HaLevi, a Jewish sage explains the principles of Judaism to an inquisitive Khazar king. As a special bonus, the historical communications exchanged between Khazar King Joseph and the Spanish Jewish diplomat Hasdai ibn Shaprut are included in this volume.

Books about Eastern European Jews || Books about Khazars
Books about Syrian Jews

Family Tree DNA - Genetic testing service

Family Tree DNA: Genetic Testing Service

Khazaria.com receives monetary commission payments from Family Tree DNA and Viglink from sales generated through links.
These commissions help keep this site online and free. Thank you for your support.


Links to the Jewish World

Other Resources on Eastern Europe


Copyright ©1995-2018 Kevin Alan Brook. All Rights Reserved. AMAZON.COM is the registered trademark of Amazon.com, Inc. All brand names are trademarks of their respective holders.

[ICON]Comments and suggestions are invited. You are welcome to e-mail the host of this site, Kevin Brook, at

About Khazaria.com